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Le Chatelier's principle is a principle in chemistry and physics that helps to predict the effect of a change in conditions on a chemical or physical system that is in equilibrium. The principle is named after the French chemist Henry Louis Le Chatelier, who formulated it in the late 19th century. It states that if a system that is in equilibrium is subjected to a change in one of its variables (such as temperature, pressure, or concentration), the system will shift in a way that tends to counteract the effect of the change in an attempt to restore equilibrium. This principle can be used to understand and predict the behaviour of a wide range of chemical and physical systems, including reactions in chemical systems, phase transitions in materials, and even the behaviour of gases in containers.